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The Listening section will expose you to a variety of content both academic và non-academic. Even before the recording starts, your thử nghiệm will give sầu you some idea of what kind of recording you’ll be listening lớn, which can help you to lớn know what kinds of questions to lớn expect.
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Although all Listening excerpts are noticeably slower than natural speech, the speakers try lớn speak as naturally as possible. This means that they use all the “ums,” pauses, and sudden redirects that you would encounter in actual language. Not only bởi vì you need to lớn be able to navigate these incidental cues, but you also need khổng lồ be ready to lớn phản hồi on how they function in context, as you will probably have khổng lồ answer at least one question on your thử nghiệm about the meaning of a byte of incidental language. Needless to lớn say, pacing is key.
Types of TOEFL Listening Audio Clips
As I mentioned above, there are two basic types of TOEFL Listening audio tracks: lectures và conversations. Below, we’ll look at those traông xã types in greater detail, with link to examples of each kind of traông xã. (The examples are all taken from kemhamysophie.com’s TOEFL prep service.)
The first, and in many ways most grueling, type of Listening assignment is the lecture. Lectures generally last about five minutes, & can be on a wide variety of topics including natural sciences, history, art, anthropology, & business/economics. Each lecture will begin with a sentence lượt thích this example: “Listen to the following excerpt from a lecture in an introductory economics class.”
There are two basic types of lecture: with students’ questions and without students’ questions. When there are questions, it may be just one quiông xã interruption or it could be a back-and-forth between the professor và multiple students, in a format similar khổng lồ a conversation. In either case, the nội dung is the same: all lectures focus entirely on an academictopic và are phối in a classroom.
Every lecture is accompanied by six questions, và they may be of any type. You will usually only see organization questions in lectures, so pay extra attention lớn the organization of any lecture you’re given. (Organization questions focus on the way spoken information is organized, as you’ll learn in this post’s section on TOEFL Listening question types.)
The conversation samples are shorter than the lectures, and they may contain academic or non-academic content. They generally take place either between a student và a professor or between a student & someone in a support role at a university. Conversations with a professor may include topics like assignment deadlines (non-academic content), clarification of course material (academic content), or upcoming assignments/projects (can be academic or non-academic content). Conversations with people in tư vấn roles include topics like registration, housing, & other logistical aspects of college life. Some familiarity with the language and culture of American higher education will be helpful inunderstanding the conversations.
Conversations usually last between three and five sầu minutes, and are accompanied by fivequestions. Conversations are less likely than lectures khổng lồ have organization or detail questions, butyou should expect morequestions about attitude và function.
Sample TOEFL Listening Audio Tracks
Question Types for TOEFL Listening
There are 7 general question types in TOEFL Listening:Detail (understanding specific pieces of factual information) Main Idea (identifying the primary purpose of a conversation or lecture) Inference (recognizing implied information) Organization (recognizing the relationship between different pieces of information; almost exclusively used for lectures) Attitude (inferring the speaker’s attitude or opinion) Function (understanding the reason a specific thing is said) Categorizing (organizing ideas from the audio into categories based on their similarities and differences)
Each of these types deserves careful attention. It’s important to be aware of how every question type works. As you practice for TOEFL Listening, you should also become aware of which question types you fee lmost confident in, và which quesiton types you need to improve sầu in. This will help you build on your strengths in TOEFL Listening, while also addressing your weaknesses.
In fact, TOEFL Listening question types are so important that kemhamysophie.com has dedicated an entire post lớn them:
Cliông xã here for a detailed description of every TOEFL Question type, with sample questions for each.
Of course, one of the most important aspects of acing these question types is to follow winning tips and tricks in your TOEFL Listening prep. Below, we’ll look at tips for preparing for this section.
Six TOEFL Listening Tips & Tricks
kemhamysophie.com’s instructors have sầu a lot of advice to giới thiệu on TOEFL Listening. That’s why we’ve devoted a whole post to TOEFL Listening tips và tricks. You can go to that article for a really in-depth look at the best ways khổng lồ ace the TOEFL Listening section. But here in this post, I can also give sầu you some “quiông xã hit” tips. Below is a short list of the top tips and tricks for success on this part of the TOEFL.
Tip # 1: Become great at note-taking.
“Easier said than done,” you might say as you look at this tip. Fair enough. Let me help you follow this tip by telling you how to lớn become great at note-taking. First và foremost, focus only on the most important information in TOEFL Listening: the main topic, & the main point or points the speakers make. If you take notes in too much detail, you’ll be so busy writing stuff down that you won’t have sầu time to lớn really think about what it all means. Secondly, try lớn find some actual examples of good TOEFL note-taking. It helps lớn see what good notes look lượt thích before you start taking your own. kemhamysophie.com has a resource for sample Listening notes that you may want to kiểm tra out. You can also take a look at this bonus video: Lucas’s three tips on taking good notes in TOEFL Listening.)
Tip # 2: Don’t get too distracted by numbers that you hear.
Number words are strange. They’re often the first thing you learn in your own langage, but in a second language, they can be surprisingly hard to remember. This is especially true in English. English giao dịch with numbers in a way that can seem a little odd in comparison to most other languages. Now, here’s the good news: exact numbers are rarely tested in TOEFL Listening answer choices. Read this article on TOEFL Listening & numbers for more details on how often you can ignore numbers, và when you should pay just a little bit of attention to them.
Tip # 3: If you don’t fully hear something, move sầu on; it’s gone!
You probably won’t listen perfectly 100% of the time in TOEFL Listening, but that’s OK! If your mind wanders, or if you simply can’t fully recognize what was just said, don’t feel bad, & don’t let it distract you. Instead, move sầu forward and focus on whatver gets said next. Often, clues from the rest of the clip will help you understand the overall meaning of the audio clip, so that you’ll still be able to answer the questions that follow.
Tip # 4: When you’re dealing with unfamiliar words, look for context clues.
Whether you simply didn’t hear something (as discussed in Tip 3), or you heard but didn’t understand, you can look for context clues: other keyword you hear, the tone of voice of the speakers, the context of the topic or situation, etc…. Again, don’t get distracted by the things you don’t understand; instead, focus on what you bởi vì understvà. For a tutorial on using context in TOEFL Listening, see the post “What to Do When You Don’t Understand a Word.”
Tip # 5: TOEFL Listening lectures are similar khổng lồ essays or reading passages.
Sometimes spoken English can be surprisingly similar lớn written English. This is esepcially true for academic lectures: so often, such lectures are structured like spoken versions of educational passages or factual essays. Learn lớn recognize và anticipate this structure, and following a TOEFL Listening lecture becomes easy. For more details, see the article “How to ‘Read’ a TOEFL Lecture.”
Tip # 6: Practice with high chất lượng TOEFL Listening materials.
So many TOEFL Listening practice sets out there just aren’t that high quality. This is esepcially true of không tính tiền ones. The good news is that there are some TOEFL prep materials out there that closely match what you’ll see on chạy thử day. And best of all, a number of these resources are không tính tiền. The best không tính tiền TOEFL Listening prep comes from the official TOEFL preparation website page from ETS. But if I bởi vì say so, kemhamysophie.com TOEFL offers the second best prep after the official materials. Our team studies the official materials very carefully so that we can create the best possible TOEFL Listening practice for you, both on this blog và in the question bank for our TOEFL prep service.
And that tip leads perfectly into lớn the next section of this article. Below, you can take a full-length kemhamysophie.com TOEFL Listening practice chạy thử. And after that, I’ll give sầu you a danh sách of other không lấy phí and affordable high-quality practice resources from kemhamysophie.com và ETS.
kemhamysophie.com’s Free Full-Length TOEFL Listening Test
Below, you can play the đoạn phim to go through a miễn phí full-length TOEFL Listening kiểm tra. Actually, it’s a more than full-length practice chạy thử for Listening. Because this mochồng chạy thử was created before 2019, it reflects the old, slightly longer version of the TOEFL. So there’s one extra lecture in there, as a kind of bonus!
Other Free TOEFL Listening Practice
Free kemhamysophie.com TOEFL Listening Practice
Free ETS TOEFL Listening Practice Materials
Paid (but affordable) TOEFL Listening Practice
A Final Thought on Practice Materials
While practice materials that imitate that real exam are quite valuable, allow me to let you in on another important fact: practice that builds general English listening skills is valuable too. There’s more to practice than just TOEFL Listening section audio files! So make sure you get in as much English listening practice as you can. Tune inlớn a TED Talk. Listen khổng lồ some English music sung by native speakers. Watch some English language TV or movies. These are great– and fun– resources lớn boost your listening skills for the TOEFL.